May 29, 2012

William Smith Herndon (1837-1903)

William Smith Herndon, legislator and Confederate soldier, was born in Rome, Georgia, on November 27, 1837, and in 1851 moved to Texas with his parents. In 1859 he graduated from McKenzie College, near Clarksville, after which he read law at Tyler and was admitted to the bar in 1860. On November 11 of that year he married Louise McKellar; they had eight children. At the outbreak of the Civil War Herndon was elected first lieutenant in Capt. W. F. Hamilton's company of Col. Joseph Bates's Thirteenth Texas Infantry; he eventually rose to the rank of captain. This regiment served coastal guard duty between Galveston and Matagorda through almost all of the war. After the war Herndon returned to Tyler, where he resumed his legal practice in partnership with Judge John C. Robertson and began to specialize in railroads. He served as counsel for a number of lines, on the board of the Tyler Tap line, and as vice president of the Kansas and Gulf Short Line Railroad. He was elected from the First Congressional District to the United States House of Representatives of the Forty-second Congress in 1871 in a closely contested election and served until 1875. He attended a number of Democratic national conventions and is said to have engineered the nomination of Winfield Scott Hancock for president at the Cincinnati, Ohio, convention in 1880. In 1892 Herndon was one of the leaders of the opposition to James S. Hogg. Herndon died in Albuquerque, New Mexico, on October 11, 1903, and is buried in Oakwood Cemetery, Tyler. Source 

32° 21.216
-095° 18.520

Oakwood Cemetery

May 22, 2012

Francis Richard Lubbock (1815-1905)

Francis R. Lubbock, governor of Texas, was born on October 16, 1815, in Beaufort, South Carolina, the oldest son of Dr. Henry Thomas Willis and Susan Ann (Saltus) Lubbock and brother of Thomas S. Lubbock. At age fourteen, after his father's death, he quit school and took a job as a clerk in a hardware store. He later pursued a business career in South Carolina and then in New Orleans, and continued his business activities when he moved to Texas in 1836. He was married three times-first to Adele Baron of New Orleans in 1835; then to Mrs. Sarah E. Black Porter, the widow of a Presbyterian minister, in 1883; and then, after his second wife's death, to Lou Scott in 1903. In 1837 Lubbock moved to Houston, Texas, where he opened a general store. During the 1840s he began his ranching operations. Lubbock was a lifelong Democrat. He began his association with the Democratic party during the nullification crisis in South Carolina in 1832. In Texas he continued his political involvement and was appointed comptroller of the Republic of Texas by President Sam Houston. He was also elected clerk of the Harris County district court and served from 1841 to 1857. In the 1850s Lubbock was active in state Democratic politics. In the party convention of 1856 he fought against the American (or Know-Nothing) party. He was elected lieutenant governor in 1857 but lost his race for reelection in 1859, when Sam Houston and Edward Clark were elected.

In 1860 Lubbock served as a Texas delegate to the national Democratic convention at Charleston, where the southern delegation walked out in opposition to the Democratic platform and Stephen A. Douglas, the party's nominee. After the southerners' second walkout on the Democrats at Baltimore, the southern Democratic party nominated John C. Breckinridge at their convention in Richmond, Virginia, a convention chaired by Lubbock. In 1861 Lubbock won the governorship of Texas by only 124 votes. As governor he staunchly supported the Confederacy and worked to improve the military capabilities of Texas. He chaired the state military board, which attempted to trade cotton and United States Indemnity Bonds for military goods through Mexico. He also worked with the board to establish a state foundry and percussion-cap factory. Lubbock vigorously supported Confederate conscription, opposing draft exemptions for able-bodied men as unfair and the substitution system as advantageous to the wealthy. Viewing the use of whites in government contracting and cattle driving as wasteful, he encouraged their replacement with slaves to increase enlistment. Aliens residing in Texas were also made subject to the draft. Lubbock exempted frontier counties from the Confederate draft and enlisted their residents for local defense against Indian attack.

When his term of office ended, Lubbock chose to enter the military service. He was appointed lieutenant colonel and served as assistant adjutant general on the staff of Maj. Gen. John Bankhead Magruder. He organized troop-transport and supply trains for the Red River campaign against Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks. Lubbock was later transferred to the staff of Brig. Gen. Thomas Green. After Green's death, Lubbock's commander was Maj. Gen. John A. Wharton, whom Lubbock assisted in raising additional Texas troops for the Red River operations. In August 1864 Lubbock was appointed aide-de-camp to Jefferson Davis and traveled to Richmond. As an expert on the Trans-Mississippi Department, he provided Davis with firsthand information on the war west of the Mississippi River. At the end of the war Lubbock fled Richmond with Davis and was captured by federal authorities in Georgia. He was imprisoned in Fort Delaware and kept in solitary confinement for eight months before being paroled. After his release he returned to Texas. He soon tired of ranching and went into business in Houston and Galveston, where he served as tax collector. From 1878 to 1891 he was treasurer of the state of Texas. From 1891 until his death he continued to live in Austin, where he died on June 22, 1905. Source

30° 15.913
-097° 43.618

Republic Hill
Texas State Cemetery

May 15, 2012

Dallas Stoudenmire (1845-1882)

Dallas Stoudenmire was born December 11, 1845 in Aberfoil, Bullock County, Alabama. Details are often sketchy, but at the tender age of 15 the nearly six foot tall Stoudenmire enlisted in the Confederate Army. When his commanding officer learned of his age he was discharged. Apparently young Dallas didn't agree with the age limitation and he reenlisted twice more. According to the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors system there was a Private D. Stoudenmire, Co. F of the 17th Alabama Infantry and a Private D. Stowdemire, Co. C, 6th Alabama Cavalry. Stoudenmire was eventually allowed to serve in Company F, 45th Alabama Infantry Regiment and according to Civil War records was wounded several times. Following the war, Stoudenmire found himself heading west and would eventually become a member of the Texas Rangers. Stoudenmire served as a Texas Ranger in Colorado County, Texas, charged with protecting settlers from renegade Indians. Finally, after being a Ranger for three years, he would disappear for several years and finally resurface in Socorro, New Mexico as the town marshal. Stoudenmire's brother-in-law, Stanley "Doc" Cummings, persuaded him to travel to the town of El Paso, Texas to fill a vacant marshal position. El Paso was in the middle of a lawless stretch and the city council was looking for someone outside of the city with a reputation as a tough gunfighter. Dallas Stoudenmire was, perhaps, more than they counted on.

On April 11, 1881, Stoudenmire was appointed Marshall of El Paso and tasked with the job of cleaning up the city. The Deputy Marshal was one Bill Johnson, also known as the town drunkard. Apparently, the first day on the job Marshal Stoudenmire humiliated Johnson and set the tone for the remainder of his tenure in office. Only three days into his new job, Stoudenmire was involved in one of the most famous gunfights in western history, the Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight. Historic details regarding the story behind the shooting are varied, but the eyewitness accounts were fairly consistent. Having heard gunfire, Marshal Stoudenmire enters the street to find George Campbell and his buddy John Hale standing over the body of (1) Constable Gus Krempkau. Apparently Campbell and Hale had been drinking heavily. Stoudenmire's first shot at Hales misses the mark and kills (2) a bystander, his second kills (3) Hale and his third shot dispatched (4) Campbell. Having seen their new Marshal in action the city Board of Aldermen upped his salary to $100 a month. Peace in El Paso would be short lived, however. Deputy Johnson, still holding a grudge from being humiliated, attacked Stoudenmire while he was walking with "Doc" Cummings. Apparently Johnson tried to ambush the Marshal but in his drunken state fired both barrels of his shotgun into the sky. Stoudenmire fired eight or nine times from his pistols to dispatch Johnson (some accounts say his shooting removed Johnson's testicles).

It seemed that the more people Stoudenmire killed in an effort to clean up El Paso, the more people wanted him dead. Accounts of Stoudenmire's term in office were not without bad press. He would occasionally use the bell of St. Clement's Church for target practice while out on patrol and was accused of using city funds without authorization. Stoudenmire also had a drinking problem. When he caught wind the City Aldermen were meeting to discuss discharging him from his position he walked into the meeting and shouted, "I can straddle every damned alderman here." Upon sobering up the Marshal resigned on his own on May 29, 1882. The city council would eventually become afraid of him. Stoudenmire would finally lose a gunfight on September 18, 1882. Having signed a "peace treaty" with the Manning family, Stoudenmire would begin to argue with Doc Manning and both would pull their pistols. Stoudenmire's body was shipped back to Columbus, Texas for burial. The Masonic lodge No. 130 would pay for all expenses to include $4.50 for lumber and $11.55 for his burial suit. Source

29° 42.498
-096° 28.920

Alleyton Cemetery

May 8, 2012

Juan Nepomuceno Seguin (1806-1890)

Juan Seguín, political and military figure of the Texas Revolution and Republic of Texas, was born in San Antonio on October 27, 1806, the elder of two sons of Juan José María Erasmo Seguín and María Josefa Becerra. Although he had little formal schooling, Juan was encouraged by his father to read and write, and he appears to have taken some interest in music. At age nineteen he married María Gertrudis Flores de Abrego, a member of one of San Antonio's most important ranching families. They had ten children, among whom Santiago was a mayor of Nuevo Laredo and Juan, Jr., was an officer in the Mexican military in the 1860s and 1870s. Seguín began his long career of public service at an early age. He helped his mother run his father's post office while the latter served in Congress in 1823-24. Seguín's election as alderman in December 1828 demonstrated his great potential. He subsequently served on various electoral boards before being elected alcalde in December 1833. He acted for most of 1834 as political chief of the Department of Bexar, after the previous chief became ill and retired. Seguín's military career began in 1835. In the spring he responded to the Federalist state governor's call for support against the Centralist opposition by leading a militia company to Monclova.

After the battle of Gonzales in October 1835, Stephen F. Austin granted a captain's commission to Seguín, who raised a company of thirty-seven. His company was involved in the fall of 1835 in scouting and supply operations for the revolutionary army, and on December 5 it participated in the assault on Gen. Martín Perfecto de Cos's army at San Antonio. Seguín entered the Alamo with the other Texan military when Antonio López de Santa Anna's army arrived, but was sent out as a courier. Upon reaching Gonzales he organized a company that functioned as the rear guard of Sam Houston's army, was the only Tejano unit to fight at the battle of San Jacinto, and afterward observed the Mexican army's retreat. Seguín accepted the Mexican surrender of San Antonio on June 4, 1836, and served as the city's military commander through the fall of 1837; during this time he directed burial services for the remains of the Alamo dead. He resigned his commission upon election to the Texas Senate at the end of the year. Seguín, the only Mexican Texan in the Senate of the republic, served in the Second, Third, and Fourth Congress. He served on the Committee of Claims and Accounts and, despite his lack of English, was chairman of the Committee on Military Affairs. Among his legislative initiatives were efforts to have the laws of the new republic printed in Spanish. In the spring of 1840 he resigned his Senate seat to assist Gen. Antonio Canales, a Federalist, in an abortive campaign against the Centralists, but upon his return to San Antonio at the end of the year he found himself selected mayor. In this office Seguín became embroiled in growing hostilities between Anglos and Mexican Texans. He faced personal problems as well.

He had gained the enmity of some residents by speculating in land. He financed his expedition in support of Canales by mortgaging property and undertook a smuggling venture in order to pay off the debt. Although upon his return from Mexico he came under suspicion of having betrayed the failed Texan Santa Fe expedition, he still managed to be reelected mayor at the end of 1841. His continuing conflicts with Anglo squatters on city property, combined with his business correspondence with Mexico, incriminated him in Gen. Rafael Vásquez's invasion of San Antonio in March 1842. In fear for his safety, Seguín resigned as mayor on April 18, 1842, and shortly thereafter fled to Mexico with his family. He spent six years in Mexico and then attempted to reestablish himself in Texas. While living in Mexico he participated, according to him under duress, in Gen. Adrián Woll's invasion of Texas in September 1842. Afterward his company served as a frontier defense unit, protecting the Rio Grande crossings and fighting Indians. During the Mexican War his company saw action against United States forces. At the end of the war he decided to return to Texas despite the consequences. He settled on land adjacent to his father's ranch in what is now Wilson County. During the 1850s he became involved in local politics and served as a Bexar County constable and an election-precinct chairman. His business dealings took him back to Mexico on occasion, and at the end of the 1860s, after a brief tenure as Wilson county judge, Seguín retired to Nuevo Laredo, where his son Santiago had established himself. He died there on August 27, 1890. His remains were returned to Texas in 1974 and buried at Seguin, the town named in his honor, during ceremonies on July 4, 1976. Source

29° 33.704
-097° 58.251

Juan N. Seguin Memorial Plaza

May 1, 2012

Samuel Tubbs Angier (1792-1867)

Samuel Tubbs Angier, physician and Old Three Hundred pioneer, was born in Pembroke, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, on August 26, 1792, the son of Samuel and Mary Tubbs. On February 29, 1812, he changed his name to Samuel Tubbs Angier, taking as his surname the maiden name of his paternal grandmother, Katurah (Angier) Tubbs. He received his A.B. degree in 1818 and his M.D. degree in 1823 from Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island. Angier had married and had a daughter before his second marriage on January 18, 1821, in Easton, Massachusetts, to Rowena Hayward. They also had a daughter. Angier was a partner of Thomas W. Bradley and George B. Hall as one of Stephen F. Austin's Old Three Hundred colonists. The three men received title to a sitio of land on the west bank of Chocolate Bayou three leagues above its mouth on August 16, 1824; the land is now in Brazoria County. Additionally, Angier was granted a labor of land on the east bank of the Brazos four miles above its mouth on August 24, 1824. In a quiet ceremony at the home of James Briton (Brit) Bailey on April 30, 1829, he married Old Three Hundred colonist Mrs. Permelia Pickett, in a ceremony conducted by Alexander Hodge, comisario of the precinct of Victoria. Consequent to his marriage, Angier requested, and on December 10, 1830, received, two-thirds of a league of land "on the right margin of Chocolate Bayou within the littoral Belt, above and adjacent to the league conceded to the petitioner together with Bradley and Hall." Angier was one of the four established physicians of Brazoria Municipality who early in the 1830s were appointed by the ayuntamiento as a standing committee to examine the qualifications of persons wishing to practice surgery and medicine in the municipality. David G. Burnet, one of the delegates from Liberty, stopped at the Chocolate Bayou home of Dr. Angier after becoming ill on his way to the Consultation. On February 1, 1836, Angier served as an election judge for Brazoria Municipality when delegates were chosen for the Constitutional Convention of 1836, to convene at Washington-on-the-Brazos. On September 5, 1837, Permelia Angier died. In April of 1838 Angier, who gave his place of residence as Liverpool, was one of several signatories from across Texas of a memorial to the Congress of the Republic of Texas requesting the establishment of a system of public education. Angier married Mary Ann Augusta Kendall, the daughter of Horace and Mary (Cogswell) Kendall, in Monroe County, Alabama, on June 28, 1842. He was a Methodist and she a Presbyterian. Angier's return to Texas from New Orleans aboard the Neptune was reported on March 20, 1844, in the Houston Telegraph and Texas Register. The Columbia Planter of September 12, 1845, carried an advertisement for the Columbia Female Seminary, which was to open on the twenty-ninth, with Mrs. Angier as headmistress. Samuel and Mary Angier had a son in 1846. Mary died near West Columbia in 1854, and Angier married Mrs. Mary O'Brien Millard on May 25, 1857, in the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, in Galveston. Dr. Angier died in West Columbia on April 17, 1867. He is buried in the Columbia Cemetery in West Columbia. Angier was one of the twenty Old Three Hundred settlers known to have been Freemasons. He was a charter member of St. John's Lodge Number 49 (later to become St. John's Lodge Number 5), organized in Columbia in 1848, and was selected grand master of the lodge on June 1, 1848. He served as lodge treasurer in 1849 and 1850 and was junior steward in 1858 and junior warden in 1861. Source

29° 08.437
-095° 38.887

Columbia Cemetery
West Columbia