James Long, leader of the Long expedition, was born in Culpeper County, Virginia, probably in 1793. He was taken by his parents to Kentucky and then to Tennessee. He joined the United States Army to serve as a surgeon in the War of 1812 and after the battle of New Orleans went to Natchez, Mississippi, practiced medicine at Port Gibson, and, at the suggestion of his wife, Jane Herbert Wilkinson Long, bought a plantation near Vicksburg. In 1817 he was associated with W. W. Walker in the merchandising business. Two years later the Adams-Onís Treaty aroused such strong opposition in Natchez that prominent citizens planned a filibustering expedition to conquer Texas and placed Long in command. After the final surrender of the expedition, Long was imprisoned for a time in San Antonio and in Monterrey, Nuevo León. He went to Mexico City in March 1822 to plead his case before Agustín de Iturbide, but on April 8, 1822, he was shot and killed by a guard. The shooting was said to be an accident, but there was some evidence that the guard had been hired by José Félix Trespalacios to kill Long. Source
Hezekiah Faris (Feris, Farris) was born in Virginia on October 29, 1797 and emigrated to Texas from Tennessee in 1835. He enlisted with the Texas army from March 1, 1836 until May 30, as a private in Captain James Gillaspie's Company, with whom he fought at the Battle of San Jacinto. He was awarded several land grants for his military service and chose one in what is now Walker County to settle on. On September 1, 1859, Faris died at his home and was buried in the Faris family cemetery twelve miles west of Huntsville.
Elizabeth Plemmons Tumlinson, one of Stephen F. Austin's Old Three Hundred, was born to John Plemmons and Elizabeth Jane in Lincoln County, North Carolina, on July 7, 1778. In 1796 she married John Jackson Tumlinson, Sr., and they had seven children. In 1821 Elizabeth and her husband left Arkansas for Texas to settle in the colony being established by Stephen F. Austin. Elizabeth was widowed in July 1823 when her husband, who was serving as alcalde of the Colorado District, was killed by Indians while on a mission to secure ammunition for the Texas Rangers. On August 16, 1824, Elizabeth received a league and a labor of land that had been selected by her husband, on the Colorado River at the site of present-day Columbus. Elizabeth lived on this property until her death in January 1829. Following her death the land was divided into six sections among her heirs on December 19, 1833. Source
Edward Burleson, soldier and statesman, son of Capt. James and Elizabeth (Shipman) Burleson, was born at Buncombe County, North Carolina, on December 15, 1798. He served as a private in the War of 1812 in his father's company, part of Perkin's Regiment, Alabama. He married Sarah Griffin Owen on April 25, 1816, in Madison County, Missouri Territory; they had nine children. On October 20, 1817, Burleson was appointed a captain of militia in Howard County, Missouri; he was commissioned colonel on June 13, 1821, in Saline County, and was colonel of militia from 1823 to 1830 in Hardeman County, Tennessee.
He arrived in Texas on May 1, 1830, and applied for land in March 1831; title was issued on April 4, 1831. On August 11, 1832, he was a member of the ayuntamiento at San Felipe de Austin. On December 7, 1832, he was elected lieutenant colonel of the militia of Austin Municipality. In 1833 he was elected a delegate to the Second Convention in Mina. From 1830 to 1842 he defended settlers in numerous engagements with hostile Indians. On May 17, 1835, in Bastrop he was elected to the committee of safety and was therefore unable to attend the Consultation of 1835, although he had been elected a delegate. On October 10, 1835, in Gonzales he was elected lieutenant colonel of the infantry in Gen. Stephen F. Austin's army. On November 24, 1835, Burleson became general of the volunteer army and replaced Austin. On November 26, 1835, he fought in the Grass Fight during the siege of Bexar. His father was active in this battle, which was won by the Texans.
On December 1, 1835, Burleson was commissioned commander in chief of the volunteer army by the provisional government. On December 6 he entered Bexar and, with Benjamin R. Milam, wrote a report to the provisional government. On December 14, 1835, he reported on the success at Bexar to the provisional governor, Henry Smith. The volunteer army disbanded on December 20, 1835, and Burleson raised a company and rode to Gonzales in February 1836. By March 10, in Gonzales, he was officially elected colonel of the infantry, First Regiment. On April 21, 1836, at the battle of San Jacinto, he commanded the First Regiment, which was placed opposite Mexican breastworks and was the first to charge them. Burleson accepted the sword and surrender of Gen. Juan N. Almonte.
From July 12 to December 1836 he was colonel of the frontier rangers. In 1837 he surveyed and laid out roads to Bastrop, La Grange, and other Central Texas places. On June 12, 1837, he became brigadier general of the militia established by the First Congress of the Republic of Texas. As a representative of the Second Congress from September 26, 1837, to May 1838, Burleson served on the Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads, the Committee on Military Affairs, and the Committee of Indian Affairs, of which he was chairman. In 1838 he was colonel of the First Regiment of Infantry in the new regular army and on April 4, 1838, defeated Mexican insurrectionists under Vicente Córdova. In the spring of that year Burleson laid out the town of Waterloo, the original settlement of the city of Austin. He was elected to the Senate of the Third Congress but resigned on January 19, 1839, at President Mirabeau B. Lamar's request, to take command of the Frontier Regiment. On May 22, 1839, Burleson intercepted a Córdova agent with proof that Mexico had made allies of Cherokees and other Indians. He defeated the Cherokees under Chief Bowl in July 1839.
On October 17, 1839, Burleson was in command of the ceremonies establishing Austin as the capital of the Republic of Texas. He defeated the Cherokees, three miles below the mouth of the San Saba River, on Christmas Day, 1839, killing Chief Bowl's son John and another chief known as the Egg. Burleson sent Chief Bowl's "hat" to Sam Houston, who was enraged. On August 12, 1840, Burleson defeated the Comanches in the battle of Plum Creek.
In 1841 he was elected vice president of the republic. In the spring of 1842, when the Mexican army under Rafael Vásquez invaded Texas, Burleson met with volunteers at San Antonio, where they elected him to command. Houston sent Alexander Somervell to take over, and Burleson handed the command to him. Burleson then made his famous speech before the Alamo: "though Thermopolae had her messenger of defeat, the Alamo had none." In the fall of 1842 Mexican general Adrián Woll invaded Texas. Burleson raised troops for defense and again yielded the command to General Somervell, sent by Houston. In 1844 Burleson made an unsuccessful bid for the presidency against Anson Jones. In December 1845 he was elected senator from the Fifteenth District to the First Legislature of the state of Texas. He was unanimously elected president pro tem.
During the Mexican War Burleson and Governor James P. Henderson went to Monterrey, Nuevo León; Burleson was appointed senior aide-de-camp, held the rank of major, and served as a spy during the siege of Monterrey and at Buena Vista. In March 1851 Burleson, Eli T. Merriman, and William Lindsey surveyed and laid out the town of San Marcos. In 1848 Burleson introduced a resolution to establish Hays County and donated the land for the courthouse. He chaired the Committee on Military Affairs, which awarded a $1,250,000 grant to Texas for Indian depredations.
Burleson died of pneumonia on December 26, 1851, in Austin, while serving as senator from the Twenty-first District. He was still president pro tem. He was given a Masonic burial at the site of the future State Cemetery, the land for which was purchased by the state of Texas in his honor in 1854. Burleson was a Methodist. Source
Joe Madison Kilgore, member of both the Texas and United States Houses of Representatives, and advisor to state and national political leaders was born December 10, 1918 in Brown County, near Brownwood, Texas, the son of William Henry and Myrtle Armstrong Kilgore. In 1929 the family moved to Mission, Texas. He received an education from Westmoreland College in San Antonio, Texas (now Trinity University), the University of Texas and the University of Texas Law School. While attending UT in the late 1930's, Kilgore worked in the campaigns of then U.S. Representative Lyndon B. Johnson.
Kilgore enlisted in the United States Air Corps in July of 1941 and served in the Mediterranean Theatre of Operations during WWII. As a combat pilot, he flew dozens of missions in B-24 bombers and was awarded the Silver Star, the Legion of Merit, and the Distinguished Flying Cross among other decorations. He was a lieutenant colonel at the end of WWII and rose to major general in the Air Force Reserve (Retired).
Kilgore married Ms. Jane Redman, daughter of Lt. Mark Henry Redman and Lois Wilkins Redman, of San Antonio on July 28, 1945, at Randolph Field in San Antonio, Texas.
In 1946 he was admitted to the Texas State Bar and practiced law in Edinburg, Texas until his election to the United States Congress. In November of 1946 he was elected to the Texas House of Representatives where he served on the Judiciary Committee. Kilgore was reelected in 1948, 1950, and 1952. In 1954 he was elected to serve in the United States House of Representatives, Eighty-fourth Congress, where he succeeded his boyhood friend, Lloyd Bentsen, who later became a U.S. Senator. Joe Kilgore was reelected to the 85th through 88th Congresses. He represented the Rio Grande Valley's 15th Congressional District. In 1965, at the end of the 88th Congress, Kilgore retired from Congress and reentered private practice in the law firm of McGinnis, Lochridge and Kilgore, L.L.P. in Austin, Texas.
In November of 1964 Governor John Connally appointed Kilgore to serve as Chairman of the Consulting Advisory Panel for the Water Planning Program of Texas. In 1967, Governor Connally named Joe Kilgore as a Regent of the University of Texas System, where he served until January of 1973. President Lyndon B. Johnson named Kilgore a member of the Council of the Administrative Conference of the United States in August, 1968. He served in that position for three years. Governor Clements named Kilgore to serve on the Governor's Task Force on State Trust and Asset Management in 1981. He was named a Distinguished Alumnus of the University of Texas in 1982. Other honors include serving on the Board of Directors of the Texas Superconducting Super Collider Authority; member and former Senior Chairman of Texas Regional Bancshares, Inc; Director of Texas State Bank, McAllen, Texas; Trustee and Research Fellow of the Southwestern Legal Foundation; Chairman of the Board of Directors of Texas State Bank and later Republic Bank Austin from 1974 to 1987; Director of First Republic Bank Corporation; member of the Board of Trustees of the Scott and White Memorial Hospital and the Scott, Sherwood and Brindley Foundation; member of the Board of Visitors of the University Cancer Foundation, M.D. Anderson Hospital and Tumor Institute; member and former Chairman of the Advisory Committee of Texas Legislative Conference; member of the Finance Committee of Methodist Home; member of Governing Board of Texas Arts Alliance; member of the University of Texas Centennial Commission, 1980-83; member of the Advisory Council of Texas Lyceum; member of the Board of Governors of the Austin Community Foundation; member of the Board of Trustees of Southwestern University; member of the Board of Directors of the State Capitol Law Firm Group; member of the board of The One Hundred Club; member of the Board of Trustees for the Hermann Eye Fund; member of the Board of Directors of Greater Austin Crime Commission. Joe Kilgore was a life member, past President (1994-95) and Chairman of the University of Texas Ex-Students' Association; Life member of the President's Associates of the University of Texas; member of the Executive Committee of Chancellor's Council of the University of Texas; Charter member of the Littlefield Society of the University of Texas; member and former President (1987) of the Austin Area Research Organization; director of Texas Council on Economic Education and Chairman of the Texas A&M College of Medicine Advisory Council.
Mr. and Mrs. Kilgore had four children and six grandchildren. Joe Kilgore died February 10, 1999 and is buried at the Texas State Cemetery. Source
Born in Giles County, Tennessee, July 13, 1814, the second son of James and Rhoda (Beal) Winters, John came to Texas in 1834 with his wife Margaret, and settled in what is now Walker County. He served in the army from March 12, to June 12, 1836 as a private in Captain William Ware's Company and fought with them at the Battle of San Jacinto on April 21. He reenlisted September 18, 1836 and was assigned to James T. Sprowl's Company, spending most of his duty time in Velasco on the coast. Winters died on January 16, 1864 and buried in the family cemetery.
Note: This is a cenotaph. The Winters family cemetery was originally located 300 feet northwest of the park, but in 1968 all of the existing stones were moved to their present location to allow for development. None of the graves were disinterred and remain in their original place.
Charles Hartwell was born on May 6, 1841 in Natick, Massachusetts to Stedman and Rebecca Dana (Perry) Hartwell. He entered the Civil War as a private in the 7th New York State Militia, but shortly afterward received a commission as a 1st Lieutenant in the 11th U.S. Regular Infantry, where he served as an aide-de-camp to Major General Nathaniel P. Banks. When Congress authorized the enlistment of black soldiers, Hartwell was promoted to Colonel and became the commander of the 77th U.S. Colored Troops. During the War, he fought in several key battles, including Bristoe Station, Rapahannock Station, Yorktown, Hanover Courthouse, Mechanicsville, Gaines Mills, Savage Station and Port Hudson. On December 2, 1865, Hartwell was brevetted a brigadier general for excellence in service. He remained in the army after the war and died in Castroville while on active duty on October 3, 1876.
29° 25.300, -098° 28.008
San Antonio National Cemetery
Outside of military records, there is no biographical information about David Grieves. He was born in Scotland, enlisted in Company I, Regiment of Regular Infantry, on February 20, 1836 and was a member of Captain Henry Teal's Company at San Jacinto. He rose through the ranks quickly; appointed Quartermaster Sergeant May 9, 1836, and when discharged on May 31, 1837, he was a 2nd Lieutenant. Grieves died shortly after, on June 15, 1837 while living in Houston and buried in the city cemetery.
Note: This is a cenotaph. Founders Memorial Park, originally founded in 1836 as Houston's first city cemetery, was rapidly filled due to a yellow fever epidemic and closed to further burials around 1840. The cemetery became neglected over a period of time, often vandalized and was heavily damaged by the 1900 hurricane. In 1936, despite a massive clean up effort, a century of neglect had taken its toll. The vast majority of grave markers were either destroyed or missing and poor record keeping prevented locating individual graves. Several cenotaphs were placed in random areas throughout the park in honor of the more high-profile citizens buried there, but a great number of graves go unmarked to this day.
Bud Adams was born Jan. 3, 1923 in Bartlesville, Okla. He played football, basketball and baseball at Culver Military Academy, and graduated in 1940. He attended Menlo College in California then transferred to the engineering department at the University of Kansas, where he also lettered in football. He joined the U.S. Naval Reserve in 1942 and was later sent overseas, assigned to a carrier unit, where he served as aviation engineering officer. He was discharged from the Navy in 1946, the same year he started ADA Oil Company. Always interested in sports, eventually he would own professional baseball and basketball teams, and was involved in boxing. Football went to the front burner in 1959, when Adams launched Houston's AFL franchise while Lamar Hunt started one in Dallas. Until his death he remained owner, chairman of the board, and president and CEO of the franchise that became the Titans in 1999 after a controversial departure from Houston.
The Oilers were among the dominant AFL teams in the 1960s, playing in four championship games, and winning titles in 1960 and '61. In 1970, when the AFL merged with the long-established NFL, the Oilers continued to have success, making the playoffs 10 times. The Oilers played their final season in Houston in 1996. In 1997, Adams moved them to the Volunteer State, where they were called the Tennessee Oilers while playing home games at the Liberty Bowl in Memphis ('97) and Vanderbilt Stadium ('98) in Nashville. In 1999, as finishing touches were placed on a new downtown stadium in Nashville, Adams changed the team nickname to Titans. The inaugural Titans team made an electrifying run to Super Bowl XXXIV in Atlanta, where it lost to the St. Louis Rams. The night before Super Bowl XLVI in January of 2012, the NFL honored Adams for his efforts in supporting U.S. service members and veterans. He was the first recipient of the Salute to Service Award presented by USAA, the league's official military appreciation sponsor.
He was inducted into the Tennessee Sports Hall of Fame in 2006 and the Texas Sports Hall of Fame in '08. In 2008, Adams received the inaugural Lamar Hunt Award for Professional Football, which recognized his vision and his role in helping the NFL reach preeminent status. Adams was nominated for the Hall of Fame as a special contributor, and up until his death had been working on several prominent NFL committees, including Finance, Hall of Fame, and Legislative and Audit. He was one of only four NFL owners to reach the 350-win plateau, a milestone he shared with Ralph Wilson (Buffalo Bills), Dan Rooney (Pittsburgh Steelers) and Al Davis (Oakland/Los Angeles Raiders). Bud Adams passed away peacefully on October 21, 2013 of natural causes at his home in Houston.