June 25, 2013
November 25, 1810 - Claiborne County, Mississippi
October 4, 1849 - New Orleans, Louisiana
Signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence. Soldier of San Jacinto. As a young man, Andrew helped work his father's plantation and often rode between Mississippi and Texas on business before he finally moved to Texas in 1833. He opened a store in Anahuac in 1835 and became involved with the Texas independence movement due to his displeasure at the high customs taxes that the Mexican government levied on Anglo businesses. When he was arrested for selling under the table to his future brother-in-law DeWitt Clinton Harris and the two were jailed, the protests against their imprisonment led to the second of the Anahuac Disturbances, one of the incidents that sparked widespread popular revolt against Mexico. He joined the Texas militia and was assigned as captain of the Liberty Volunteers, whom he led in both the Battle of Concepcion (October 28, 1835) and the Siege of Bexar (October 12- December 11, 1835). Along with Lorenzo de Zavala, Andrew was elected to represent Liberty Municipality at the Convention of 1836 to discuss the coming secession and war with Mexico, but was so eager to return to military service that he signed the Texas Declaration of Independence while it was still being argued and left the meeting early. He caught up with the main Texas army and on April 21 fought in the Battle of San Jacinto, serving as the captain of Company A, Infantry Regulars. Now the citizen of a sovereign nation, he was appointed chief justice of Harrisburg by President Sam Houston and served three years at this post until 1839 when his term expired. In 1841, he founded The Harrisburg Railroad & Trading Company and began promoting a series of railroads across the country, including one that would stretch from Harrisburg to San Diego, California. In the spring of 1849, Briscoe, his wife Mary Jane and their four children moved to New Orleans where he worked as a broker until he died of yellow fever a few months later. In 1892, Briscoe County, split off from Bexar County, was officially organized and named in his honor. Originally buried on his father's property in Mississippi, his body was reinterred in the State Cemetery on February 26, 1937, in recognition of his contributions to Texas.
Texas State Cemetery