October 19, 2010

William DeArmond

   William DeArmond was born in Butler County, Ohio, in 1838. He enlisted in the U.S. Army in the late 1860s or early 1870s as a sergeant in Company 1, 5th Infantry. On the morning of September 9, 1874, a supply train with a small cavalry escort, began the long trek from their encampment to General Nelson Miles expedition force camped at Battle Creek, which force had been in the field and was in desperate need of resupply. The supply train was attacked by a large Indian war party as it emerged from a canyon on the Upper Washita River. Though vastly outnumbered, the cavalry fought fiercely as the train continued onward in what became a daylong fight. DeArmond was killed in action in the heavy fighting and was one of six soldiers cited for "Gallantry in action" on the first day of the three-day running battle. Seven other soldiers were similarly cited for continuing acts of heroism for the full term of the desperate struggle for survival, and the valiant efforts to reach General Miles with the supplies his 650-man force desperately needed. Since DeArmond's body was never recovered from the battlefield, a cenotaph in his name was placed in San Antonio National Cemetery.

Gallantry in action.

29° 25.278, -098° 28.022

Section MA
San Antonio National Cemetery
San Antonio

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